As Crono's party progresses through the game, they believe that Lavos is the one leaving the Gates behind. However, after the party reunites with Robo in the Present after growing the forest for Fiona, Robo explains that over the past 400 years he spent growing the forest, he believes now that it was not Lavos that created the Gates, but that some entity wished for them to witness the events they have seen. Alternatively, he says, the entity may have wished to see them for itself or it was reflecting on the days of its past. However, even if Lavos did not open the Gates, his fate is bound to that of the one who did as Lavos played a role in every age they visited. Robo goes on to say that it is unknown to him whose memories these are, though it is likely an entity greater than any of them.
After defeating Lavos, during an ending Lucca says that she feel the entity is finally at rest, which Marle says she feels as well.
It has been argued on "who" or "what" this entity is. The Earth itself is a very viable candidate for being the entity as it would feel at rest once Lavos is destroyed, as it would no longer be in danger. The Earth would also be able to create the gates on itself; and Robo was reflecting on this while he was re-growing the forest. The entity could also just be that, an entity similar to that of a God.
Chrono Cross extends this hypothesis while discussing how Dinopolis came to the past after Chronopolis appears due to the Time Crash. As Chronopolis was brought by Lavos, the planet drew Dinopolis from an alternate dimension to counterbalance the influence of the future invaders.